5 foolproof steps to prepare for college entrance exam writing

Brazil has one of the highest illiteracy rates globally, with around 11 million people who cannot read or write. This assertion is proven by a survey carried out by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in 2016, which found that approximately 7.5% of the population over 15 years of age is considered illiterate.

Given this reality, it’s miles clean that the habit of reading and writing, in addition to being a privilege, is not part of the routine of Brazilians — even those with a good level of education. If knowing how to write is a privilege, writing well becomes a natural talent.

For those intending to enrol in college, preparing for the entrance exam is one of the main points and deserves attention. After all, this could be the difference that will determine your approval.

For this reason, we have created this super complete guide with tips for you to organize your studies, write a 1000-grade essay and guarantee your place at the university! Keep following the post and discover each step to succeed:

  1. Discover the importance of good writing

In 2017, the number of essays that reached the total score in the ENEM (National Secondary Education Examination) dropped — adopted as a selection process by most federal higher education institutions. In addition, the number of essays with a zero mark increased significantly compared to the previous year: around 309,000 exams were zeroed, while only 53 candidates achieved a mark of 1000.

These data demonstrate that developing writing skills is extremely important and often underestimated by candidates, who focus only on studying for the other tests and do not pay enough attention to writing.

However, the grade in the essay carries a lot of weight: in most educational institutions, zeroing the essay is an eliminatory criterion in the selection process. This is not restricted to federal universities and even covers scholarship and student loan financing programs such as Fies and Prouni, which require a candidate to achieve a minimum writing grade to access them.

  1. Know the main types of writing

Now which you apprehend a touch extra approximately the importance of good writing to secure your place in college, it’s time to start preparing for college entrance exam writing. First of all, it’s essential to know the types of writing.

Check out, below, 6 of the main textual genres charged in the entrance exam:

2.1. argumentative essay

The argumentative essay genre is the most demanded type of text in the entrance exams. This is the genre demanded every year in the ENEM editorial office.

As the name itself indicates, in this textual genre, the theme is exposed to the reader through arguments to convince him of some idea. This type of text is divided into three parts: the introduction, the development and the conclusion.

Examples of argumentative essay texts: article, review, opinion letter, journalistic editorial, essay and dissertation.

2.2. explanatory essay

Also known as an expository essay, this textual genre aims to expose a topic or information to the reader without the need to persuade him.

This type of text requires a great deal of mastery over the subject covered. It is based only on explaining the facts and requires a good capacity for conceptualization, comparison and description.

Examples of explanatory essay texts: academic papers, news stories, lectures, seminars, encyclopedia entries.

2.3. Narrative

Narrative texts, also called narratives, present characters acting in a specific time and space. This is the genre used in most literary texts, and its structure is based on four parts: presentation, development, climax and outcome.

Examples of narrative texts: short story, chronicle, novel, novel, fable and legend.

2.4. Informative

The text of the informative genre is similar to the expository one, as it proposes to present a particular fact to the reader. On the other hand, it does so briefly and does not require a high degree of depth in the subject.

Examples of informative texts: dictionary entry, interview, journalistic news.

2.5. Descriptive

The descriptive textual genre is based on the presentation of facts, objects, places or people to describe them, as the name implies. For this, adjectives are used that characterize what is being exposed according to the speaker’s perception.

Examples of descriptive texts: diary, menu, report, testimonial, classified ad, biography, resume.

2.6. injunctive

The injunctive text is intended to guide, persuade, or instruct the reader — hence it is also known as instructional. A common feature of this textual genre is to present verbs in the imperative.

Examples of injunctive texts: regulations, instruction manuals, medicine inserts, cooking prescriptions, medical prescriptions, advertising.

  1. Know how to prepare for possible topics

The second step in writing good essay for the entrance exam is to prepare for the topics covered in the proposal. But how to make an accurate prediction?

If, like us, you are a mere mortal with no powers of divination, don’t worry! There are a few ways to prepare and even hit the nail on the entrance exam essay.

See some tips below:

3.1. follow the news

Keeping up with what’s happening in Brazil and around the world is essential in preparing yourself for possible topics in the newsroom. Most of the time, the review boards opt for topics in high demand or use current references to deal with more general themes.

So follow the news on TV news, radio, print newspapers, magazines and news sites. The broader and more varied your sources, the better prepared you will be.

3.2. Explore an internet

How about changing that time you spend browsing Facebook or watching series for something that, at the same time, adds knowledge and fun? You can access different types of online content that will help you expand your knowledge on a wide range of topics.

Use the internet to search for documentaries on relevant topics (such as the environment, politics, economics, etc.), listen to podcasts, see lectures (such as the famous TED talks) and films on historical topics. You will undoubtedly add a lot of baggage to use when writing!

3.3. Read critical reviews

In addition to following the news, as we have already mentioned, it is also interesting to look for texts with critical points of view on specific themes and events.

Reading this type of content, in addition to being a way to stimulate your capacity for criticism, will also help you to put the facts into perspective — an essential skill to know how to build a consistent argument in the writing of the entrance exam.

3.4. Review themes from previous years

This is a classic tip never goes out of style! As much as the evaluation boards are not used to repeating topics already covered in old exams, researching what is charged in the newsrooms of previous years is an excellent way to find out how that board usually approaches the subjects.

This is also a way to “eliminate” subjects that will probably not be part of the college entrance exam again in the year you take the exam.

3.5. Make personal reflections on the facts

Several university entrance exams spend hours consuming informative content, reading news and newspaper articles, and knowing everything in the world. However, at the time of the entrance exam, even if the topic is known to them, they cannot argue about it.

This happens because many ends up just “memorizing” the facts and not training their ability to reflect on them. Therefore, always train your reflective capacity: when reading about a particular topic, stop and think about your opinion about it and the positive and negative sides of the issue.

3.6. Keep an eye out for “controversies”…

Controversial themes are always strong candidates for proposals for writing the entrance exam. In 2015, for example, the theme of the ENEM essay was “The persistence of violence against women in Brazilian society”, an issue that was widely discussed in the media.

Therefore, keep your radar always on and keep an eye out for controversies — whether new or recurrent.

3.7. … but also pay attention to what’s not the headline.

At ENEM 2017, many bet that the theme of the newsroom would address facts involving the current political scenario in the country at that time, such as the labour and social security reforms, or even the corruption scandals that have surfaced in recent years.

However, the theme “Challenges for the educational training of the deaf in Brazil” surprised and caught many people off guard. The fact is that the bank will not always bet on the obvious and will often purposefully follow the opposite path.

Therefore, don’t restrict your readings to just newspaper headlines. Always seek knowledge on a wide range of topics so that you are not caught by surprise when writing.

3.8. Follow contents aimed at the entrance exam

There are several websites (such as UOL’s Newsroom ), blogs and YouTube channels with tips for those who will take the entrance exam — some even exclusively dedicated to the newsroom.

In addition to general tips, these media channels also usually provide writing topics for those who want to train and even “kick” possible topics on the test. Here’s a tip: some of them usually hit the nail on the head; it’s worth following up!

  1. Know the ten best exercises for good entrance exam writing

Now that you already know the main textual genres and have learned to research and prepare for the possible topics of college entrance exam writing, it’s time to get your hands dirty!

We’ve listed ten surefire exercises to get you ready for the big day and take that challenge out of the box—literally! Get to know each one of them:

4.1. train by parts

According to some pre-university courses teachers, the best way to start mastering writing is to know its design. For this, the thought is to prepare the parts — presentation, improvement and end — independently. 

For instance: for a very long time, you will prepare only in the presentation. Pick a subject and compose however many presentations as could be expected under the circumstances to a message about the point. Then, at that point, do likewise with advancement and fruition. 

This is an exceptionally successful approach to determine which type of writing is most accessible and most comfortable for you; creating mental hooks will make writing your essay a lot easier at test time.

4.2. write everyday

One thing is for sure: you only learn to write by writing! In the world of writing, whatever it is, practise alone makes perfect — so don’t leave writing training out of your study routine.

Try to write every day and continually review your messages focusing on subtleties like the design of sections and sentences, thorough redundancy of words, arguments, spelling errors, cohesion and coherence.

4.3. Exchange your essays with your friends

This is an activity that, as well as assisting with rehearsing and further develop composing, can be loads of good times for those involved! Make a gathering with your companions who will take the placement test and propose to trade articles among themselves. 

Along these lines, you will actually want gain from one another’s slip-ups and victories, as well as giving tips for every one to compose better.

4.4. Look for “1000 note” essays

As we displayed toward the start of the text, the quantity of expositions that arrive at the greatest grade is practically immaterial contrasted with the quantity of individuals selected ENEM — last year, there were just 53. 

Large numbers of these expositions are accessible for interview on the web, some with remarked rectifications, including. 

Peruse a portion of these texts, note 1000 and do the activity to record all that grabbed your eye. In the event that conceivable, contrast them and your texts and see what you can improve. 

4.5. Train a wide range of composing 

With regards to composing for the selection test, composing won’t ever stung! However much the announcement for the test you will take decides ahead of time the text based sort of the paper, attempt to prepare different types too. 

This will assist you with understanding their disparities and approximations better, in any event, helping you not to confound them upon the arrival of the test. Additionally, you will prepare your composition and argumentation. 

With regards to a little while before the test, center just around the class that may be your paper’s subject.

4.6. Investigate other printed types 

Annals, verse, brief tales and other literary sorts more identified with writing don’t fall into the arrangement of school selection tests. All things considered, they are staggering devices to investigate your innovativeness and begin making the composing propensity. 

Since they are more abstract, you have more opportunity to write your thoughts down, which helps make the composing substantially more liquid. It’s even worth composing a journal or making a blog. The significant thing is to release your creative mind and begin composing now!

4.7. Create challenges for yourself

Training your writing and preparing for your college entrance exam every day doesn’t have to be tedious! How about making the activity more attractive by proposing challenges for yourself and increasing your motivation to study?

You can, for instance, compose a whole text without utilizing words beginning with a specific letter of the letter set, which will assist you with fostering your jargon and your capacity to track down equivalents.

Other exciting challenges are writing about a topic without researching anything about it, just with your bag of knowledge, and writing a text with a position that is opposite to your personal opinion.

4.8. Rewrite your old texts

Rewriting old essays is a great way to train your writing when you don’t have a lot of head to start writing from scratch. In addition, of course, to refresh your memory about topics you’ve written about throughout the year.

This is also an efficient way to monitor the evolution of your writing, learn to revise the text itself and identify recurrent errors or flaws when writing the essay.

4.9. Correct your texts

How about you give yourself a review board and proofread your essays? This is a great exercise to identify what’s cool and what can be improved and understand more about how reviewers will read your text.

For example, in the case of those going to study for ENEM, you can start by researching more about the five competencies assessed in the essay test and then correcting your texts considering each one of them.

4.10. Practice paragraph structure

Often, what most harms a college entrance exam is not the structure of the text itself but the individual structure of the paragraphs. Therefore, it is necessary to train the writing of each of them and its functioning as a short text, with its essential parts – introduction, sentence topic and conclusion.

In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to chain of ideas: the paragraphs need to dialogue with each other. Another critical exercise refers to the length of paragraphs, which should never consist of a single sentence or be too disproportionate in the number of lines.

  1. Know how to control your test time

The last step in preparing for the college entrance exam is to learn to measure the time you will spend writing your essay on the big day.

It would be best if you remembered that the time to complete the test is relatively short concerning the amount of content, and, in addition to writing the text, you should reread, revise and clean it up to ensure a good grade.

But do not worry! Knowing how to organize and training in advance gives you time to write your essay with ease. Check out our tips:

5.1. layout the text

Prior to composing successfully, diagram every one of the thoughts you intend to cover in the text, from prologue to end. This should be possible, for instance, as themes. 

Certain individuals like to begin by pondering the turn of events andarguments that will be covered and, finally, elaborating the introduction and conclusion. So, abuse the scratch space!

5.2. time your writing time

When doing writing exercises at home, remember time it takes you to write the essay. Please write down the time spent on each and compare them to each other. Remember, of course, to include time spent laying out the text, proofreading, and drafting.

5.3. Create time goals

The above tip can become another good exercise to control your time to write your college entrance exam essay. What about making objectives and steadily composing your texts significantly quicker? 

As well as assisting you with suspecting quicker on test day, testing yourself can make concentrating on time really animating!

5.4. Make simulations online

There are many websites and applications with simulated entrance exams online, and some even have essay proposition notwithstanding the inquiry bank. Use and misuse these devices to prepare and figure out how to control your test time. 

Recall that, on the day, you will have the the other tests to take in addition to the essay, and you will also need to control the timing of the questions. For this reason, training in writing along with general questions is an excellent way to learn to measure your time more assertively.

5.5. Find out when the time is suitable for the essay

Simulations are also an excellent way to find out when is the best time to do the essay. It is recommended, in general, not to write it down at the end of the test, as it may lack time.

However, each person works differently and has their preferences. Some prefer to ask some questions and merge the test with the essay, and others prefer to kill the essay right away. Practice each possibility in the simulations and find out which one is best for you.

Did you see how it is possible to study alone and prepare for the college entrance exam? With these five steps, it will be much easier to organize your study routine, write a 1000 grade essay and guarantee your place at the university!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *